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Latest stable version is
Latest development version is 1.1.8. (Local copy)
Manpages: gopchop, mpegcat, and gtkspu.
gopchop - MPEG2 GOP-accurate editor http://gopchop.org/ Development Version: 1.1.x Released under GNU General Public License Kees Cook (email@example.com) This tool is used for people wanting to take sections out of MPEG2-PS files without re-encoding the resulting frames. The idea is to write specific "Group of Pictures" (GOP) sections to a new MPEG2-PS file. These GOPs will decode correctly (in theory), and the gaps won't be noticed. I wrote this tool to edit commercials out of MPEG2 files produced by my KFir MPEG2 capture card. Using this tool for anything else is really beyond the scope of its design. Requirements ------------ For gopchop to work, you need two things installed: GTK-1.2, and the 0.4.0 version of mpeg2dec (see http://libmpeg2.sourceforge.net/). Newer versions of libmpeg2 may or may not work, depending on the API changes. Configuring/Compiling --------------------- "./configure" should do the trick. If you some pre-3.0 version of gcc, you may have Issues(tm) compiling (and running). I'd recommend using 3.0+ of gcc and g++. If you have both packages installed (RedHat 7.2), you can run "CC=gcc3 CXX=g++3 ./configure" to force configure to use the right compiler. I'm still inexperienced when it comes to making and using "./configure" files, so for computers that are not mine, you might have to fix things to get everything to compile. If you find stuff that needs correcting, please email me and I'll update it. :) These are the commands I type to build gopchop: ./configure make make install If things blow up with autoconf or automake, you can try rebuilding the configure script: ./autogen.sh If things still resist working right, please email me, and hopefully we can figure it out. :) Using gopchop ------------- The basic way to use gopchop is like so: 1) Run gopchop. 2) Select an MPEG2 with "File / Open". 3) Drag the slider to the first GOP you want to have in a clip. (You can disable "Edit / Preferences... / Auto Refresh" to seek faster, and then click "Refresh" to see where you are in the file.) 4) Click "Start Mark". 5) Drag the slider to the last GOP you want in the clip. 6) Click "End Mark". (If you drag the slider somewhere before the first mark, "End Mark" will not do anything.) 7) Repeat steps 3 through 6 to select all the clips you want saved. 8) Drag clips up and down to reorder them in the Clip List window. 9) To delete unwanted clips, select it, and hit Del or Backspace. 10) Save the clips to a new MPEG2 with "File / Export". If you want to save different clips, select "Edit / Clear" and start over at step 3. If you want to use a different source MPEG2, select "File / Close" and start over at step 1. At present, I don't support saving clips from multiple different MPEG2 source files. In the future, perhaps. This is a *LOSSY* process on MPEGs that have open GOPs. To close a GOP, I must toss B-Frames at the start of a GOP. If you were to mark each frame in an MPEG for splicing in gopchop, you would end up with fewer frames than you started with. To "close" an open GOP, I must toss those B-Frames. To stop this behavior, uncheck the "Drop Orphaned Frames" option in the "Preferences" window. Options ------- Right now, there are several options available in gopchop. The are in the "Edit / Preferences..." window: Video Output Driver Select which video driver you want to use for playback. The Xv drivers correctly handle aspect changes. Default Run Speed To the right of the "Run" button is the "speed" bar. Normally, this is "1" by default. It represents the number of GOPs to move forward while in "run" mode. Things can get broken-looking depending on your source MPEG2-PS, if you set this above 1. Run Loop With this on, playback of the stream (via the "Run" button) will loop back around to the start when it passes the end of the stream. Auto Refresh With this on, any time the current GOP changes (via "Prev", "Next", or "Run"), the GOP decode window will be updated. If you're scanning through a long stream, it's faster to turn this off, and just click the "Refresh" button when you want to see where you are. Drop Orphaned Frames With this on, all the B-Frames at the start of an open GOP on a clip boundry will be removed from the stream. This is available so that the decoders that don't pay attention to the "edited" GOP flag won't get confused by the orphaned B-Frames. Adjust GOP Timestamps This adjusts all GOP timestamps to start at 0:00.0 so that they don't jump ahead at cut points. Force Prepended System Header Adds a Pack with a System Header for unusual streams that need it. May be needed for some DVD authoring tools. Drop Trailing Pack with System Header During an export, this drop the final Pack if it contains a System Header. May be needed for some DVD authoring tools. Ignore Program End Codes Continue parsing the input stream even if a "Program End" code is seen. This is useful when working on concatenated MPEG files. Ignore Errors This will disable the error tracing normally done when loading a stream. This is handy if you broken or weird stream that you still want to try and load, but you don't want to get spammed by all the diagnostic warnings. VOB Files --------- Since DVD VOB files are MPEG2, you can use gopchop to pull scenes. HOWEVER, gopchop is not a DVD-authentication tool. I might go look at libdvdread, but I require an mmap-able file interface (like, say, a direct filesystem "open" call). If you have unencrypted DVDs, or can get the unencrypted VOB somewhere to use "open" on it, gopchop should have no problems with it. What to expect during MPEG2 loading ----------------------------------- Please keep an eye on your standard error output. If you have a file that gopchop doesn't like, you'll hear about it during load on stderr. If you want to have gopchop ignore all errors during a load, just check the "Ignore Errors" option in the "Preferences" window. This is handy for some formats that have repeating harmless errors. Usually, when gopchop loads an MPEG2, there will be some "errors" near the end of the file. These errors can generally be ignored. They have to do with how your MPEG2 was created, and expected packet information or end-of-file codes might be missing. That's perfectly okay. I didn't implement parsing for every MPEG2 System packet header out there. It's in my TODO list to do it, but you might not be able to load some MPEG2s. The error will say something about "Need to write a parsing routine". Email me if you run into this, and I can get it finished up for you. If you have an MPEG2-PS file that doesn't have GOPs correctly built, you may need to remultiplex your MPEG2-PS file first. I recommend using "mplex" from the siemens DVB tools: http://www.linuxtv.org/download/dvb/ If your MPEG2-PS file doesn't map single Packs to each Frame, gopchop may also get freaky. If your MPEG2-PS file doesn't start GOPs on video packet boundries, you may see artifacts at the split-points. If you see the warning "Whoa: I-Frame number X seen in the same GOP!?" this is probably the cause. At present, gopchop is not very memory efficient or fast (I was trying to get it to just _work_ first). It will allocate about 10% of the MPEG2-PS file's size in memory. For example, if you have a 1GB MPEG2-PS file, expect that gopchop will end up allocating about 100MB of memory to load it. How it works ------------ I scan the MPEG2 for a full list of System packets, then examine the Program Element Stream packets they contain. In the video PES, I look for GOP headers (and Picture headers). Each GOP is then mapped back to the System packets that contain it (a full GOP can span multiple VES packets, and multiple System packets). When a GOP is saved to a new file, the entire System packet list for that GOP is written as a byte-for-byte copy from the source MPEG2. In theory, this will take any audio streams along for the ride. So far, so good. :) In the "Info" box, the "Offset" column shows the system packet offset (for GOPs) and the video packet offset (for Pictures). The "Bytes" column lists the bytes contained by all the system packets (for the GOP), and all the video packets in a Picture. You'll notice that the Offset plus the Bytes don't add up to the next Picture's Offset. This is because there is stuff between the video packets. :) The GOP "Bytes" and "Offset", however, should add up to the next GOP's "Offset" value. The settings under the "Preferences" window are automatically saved to ".gopchop/options" in your home directory. KNOWN ISSUES ------------ libmpeg2 (and libvo) sometimes just up and segfault when they bring up a window. In porting to libmpeg2 0.4.0, I haven't seen this problem any more. Hopefully it's gone. If it's not, let me know, and I'll continue to try to isolate it. (Actually, now I see it again at the end of some weirder streams.) Some audio streams don't take kindly to be chopped like this. However, they usually have CRC to detect problems. For example, when I snipped together some scenes from a DVD, and then played it back with "MPlayer", the AC3 audio stream reported CRC errors and gracefully dropped the garbled packet. As for the playback, I didn't notice it at all. gopchop assumes that all GOPs will appear in the first video PES packet of a System packet. Technically, this might not be true, but in practice, this seems to happen. As a result, gopchop could fail to load some "unusual" MPEG2 files. If you have some examples, please email me, and maybe I can fix my code. :) (BTW: I've found a snippet of a DVD I have that does this, so I'm working to make things saner now...) Generally, gopchop works best with hardware encoder streams, rather than software generated streams. Since gopchop doesn't alter the stream it writes back to disk, things like time-stamps are really bizarre. In players like MPlayer, you'll see the time-stamp during playing jump forward at each splice point. In fact, this seriously breaks some players, and I'm hoping to figure out how to get around it. I've taken a quick look at "gop-fixup" by Mark Rages, and I'm hoping to generalize his code and add it to gopchop. For more info: http://mlug.missouri.edu/~markrages/tavi/index.php?page=GopFixup The "correct" way to edit MPEG2-PS files is to just set the "broken" flag in the GOP, and the decoder will throw away the B-frames following the I-frame in an open GOP. However, it seems that at least libmpeg2 doesn't honor the "broken" flag, and I bet other decoders don't too. Therefore, I've done BOTH: I've set the "broken" flag, AND removed the B-Frames. I'm worried that this will break time sync, but it's the only way to stop from having decoding artifacts due to the B-frames in the open GOP referring to some previous P-Frame that doesn't exist any more. If you want to NOT drop these orphaned B-frames, uncheck the "Drop Orphaned Frames" checkbox in the "Preferences" window. During video display, the aspect ratio is ignored in everything except the "Xv" drivers. Doing software resizing for the other drivers is pretty low on my list of things to fix since gopchop isn't technically a viewer. :) Special Features ---------------- If you're really bold, you can try the --pipe command to hook your up a different viewer instead of the internal drivers. I've only played with "mplayer" doing this, and it does a pretty good job. Nasty A/V sync problems appear if you try to skip around with gopchop's "auto-refresh" still selected, so try it without that option. Acknowledgements (also see the "AUTHORS" file) ---------------------------------------------- Kirsten for not kicking me out of the house while I hacked the first version of this together for a week straight. :) Paul for having lots and lots of commercials to edit out of huge KFir MPEG2s. Various people from the KFir MPEG2 list (firstname.lastname@example.org) for guiding me towards this program's basic design and helping to stomp bugs, especially: Warren Young (email@example.com) Marcus Metzler (firstname.lastname@example.org) Bram Stolk (email@example.com) Brian (firstname.lastname@example.org) for being so patient with my broken builds. :) My fantastic "beta testers" who didn't know they were getting into beta testing until it was too late: Chris Chiappa
(TiVo Extraction) Stuart L. Morris (TS-to-PS) Wolfgang Goeller libmpeg2 and libvo authors: * Copyright (C) 2000-2003 Michel Lespinasse * Copyright (C) 1999-2000 Aaron Holtzman David Philippi for pointing out some ugly buffer strategies I was using. Tomi Ollila for pointing out a problem with how I used libmpeg2's states, the lack of proper fseek/fseeko usage, and some example MPEG2-PS files. Tom Pfeifer, Ivo Koethnig, Klaus Brandl, and others for great example MPEG2-PS files that I've used to test parsing and crashing. Bryce Harrington for reorganizing the project, building the new website, and showing me how bring life back to the GOPchop community. Tony Mancill for hunting down a 3 year old Xv bug that was crashing everyone. Random Stuff ------------ There are two cool utilities included in this package. One is called "mpegcat" and has lots of options. It's basically been my tool for testing ideas for a new file parsing routine. You can also extract streams with it. The other is called "gtkspu" and is used to display SPU bitmaps (DVD subtitles, menus, etc). It's really a quicky program, but it works for what I basically wanted it to do: show me what a given SPU stream had in it. Translations ------------ See the "ABOUT-NLS" file for "gettext" details. To create another translation template, go into the "po" directory, and type: msginit -i gopchop.pot -o CODE.po where "CODE" is the expected lang code. To update an existing .po file from a changed template, type: msgmerge -U CODE.po gopchop.pot To test your language, gopchop must be installed (so NLS libs can find the translation files), and you'll need to specify a "full" locale: LANG=fr_CA gopchop -- Kees Cook (email@example.com) http://outflux.net/